The Roman Temple of Évora is located in the town of Evora, Portugal; is part of the historic city center, which was classified as World Heritage by UNESCO. The Roman Temple is a National Monument. One of the most famous landmarks of the city, and a symbol of Roman presence in Portuguese territory.
Located in the parish of the Cathedral and St. Peter, at Largo Conde Vila Flor, is surrounded by the Cathedral of Évora, the Tribunal of the Inquisition, the Church and Convent Lóios the Évora Public Library and the Museum.
Although the Evora Roman temple is often called the Temple of Diana, it is known that the association with the Roman goddess of the hunt originated from a legend created in XVII century. Indeed, the temple was probably built in honor of the emperor Augustus, who was venerated as a god during and after his reign. The temple was built in the first century AD in the main square (forum) of Évora – then called Liberatias Iulia – and modified in the second and third centuries. Évora was invaded by Germanic peoples in the fifth century, and it was at this time when the temple was destroyed; Today, its ruins are the only traces of the Roman Forum in the city.
The ruins of the temple were incorporated into a tower of Évora Castle during the Middle Ages. The base, columns and architraves continued embedded in the walls of the medieval building.